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Nostro Account Meaning

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Nostro and vostro (from Italian, nostro and vostro; English, ‘ours’ and ‘yours’) are accounting terms used to distinguish an account held for another entity from an account another entity holds. Computerized accounting allows for easily reconciling nostro and vostro accounts just by using “+” or “-” signs in the banks’ respective accounting systems. “Nostro” and “vostro” are two different terms used to describe the same bank account. The terms are used when one bank has another bank’s money on deposit, typically in relation to international trading or other financial transactions. A vostro account is the account a correspondent bank holds on behalf of another bank.


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There are also Vostro accounts, which are basically the opposite of Nostro accounts. Write A Simple Note On Poverty Poverty deprives people of basic human needs like food, shelter and water. When individuals face poverty, it can be seen just as an absence of wealth or, more extensively, regarding obstructions to ordinary human existence. 10 Best Gold ETFs in India to Invest in March Gold ETFs or Gold Exchange Traded Funds are passively managed funds that track the price of physica… ATMs are one of the key foundations of modern banking as they enable va… Though online banking or net banking has taken over the traditional banking system, in smaller town…

But they can be an important part of a business’s financial strategy. The domestic dealer can pay to the foreign dealer in foreign exchange through the domestic bank and without taking any risk of foreign exchange. Domestic banks are often used as custodians to manage the bank’s operations regarding foreign exchange transactions. In this case CMB will make entries on several other accounts, such as a teller’s receiving account, or a clearing account with the third bank holding C’s account. A vostro account is in the local currency of the bank where the money is being held i.e. it is the bank in country B’s record of the money kept by the bank from country A with it.

How a Nostro Account Works

The local US bank will then open a Nostro account with a facilitator bank with a physical presence in the eurozone that they have a banking relationship with. The facilitator bank uses its clearing network with the central bank to carry out the transaction. If a singapore bank holds a account in India at an indian bank with Indian currency, it is called as VOSTRO. Nostro account is an account of the financial Institution with another bank or Financial Institution.

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International banking transactions don’t always work exactly the same as domestic banking. For example, banks can use nostro accounts to hold funds in foreign currencies. You may hear the terms ‘nostro account’ and ‘vostro account’ used in discussions of foreign trade and currency exchange. Both terms actually refer to the same account but mean different things. The central banks of many developing countries limit the buying and selling of their currencies, which is usually to control imports and exports and to control the exchange rate.

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Say that a U.S.-based company is interested in doing business in France. Their current bank doesn’t offer banking services in Europe, but they’re able to find a facilitator bank that offers nostro accounts. For both nostro and vostro accounts, the domestic bank (i.e., the bank that is holding the account) acts as the caretaker for the account and is sometimes referred to as the “facilitator” bank.

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  • The account holder will have the ability to buy or sell in the eurozone using the euro currency.
  • A due from account refers to an asset account in the general ledger that indicates the amount of deposits currently held at another company.
  • When the settlement date arrives, Bank 2 will need to send Japanese yen from the Nostro account it has in Japan to the Nostro account of Bank 1, which is in Japan.
  • The Settlement DateThe settlement date is the date on which the cash and assets that have been exchanged or traded are settled by netting out a process that happened a few days ago.

The Nostro account is the record of the bank that has money on deposit at another bank. These accounts are often used to simplify settlements of trade and foreign exchange transactions. A foreign exchange account in a local bank in the local currency that is maintained by a foreign bank. A vostro account is the account that is applicable to local banks. They enable banks to keep funds in foreign currency without any exchange rate risk.

Example of a nostro account payment

The facilitator bank will assist the client bank in making payments in its country’s currency, usually using its own access to primary clearing arrangements . In some cases, the facilitator bank may not be a primary clearing member but they will have the ability to make payments in local currency, possibly through another bank in the same country. Nostro accounts are not the same as standard demand deposit accounts because these types of accounts are denominated in foreign currencies. A vostro account is an account that is held for another party, such as when banks guard the deposits of their customers. If nostro accounts fall prey to cyber-attacks, it severely affects the bank’s cash reserves. Compared to current or savings accounts, nostro accounts have lower interest rates.


If not, you can search online for banks that allow you to establish nostro accounts in other countries. Big banks may be a better place to look compared to smaller, local banks. It is used for settlement of international transactions involves payment or receipt in currency other than foreign currency. Hence Bank A will transfer the required amount in dollars to the Nostro account of bank b in the united states of America. Thus there is no money exchange from one country to another; however, the transaction is executed smoothly. A bank counts a nostro account with a debit balance as a cash asset in its balance sheet.

Therefore, typically don’t have Nostro accounts in these developing countries since the banks generally have very little if any foreign exchange business. In a number of developing countries, the central banks will place limits on the purchase and sale of their currencies in order to control exports and imports as well as exchange rates. Vostro accounts are the accounts that one bank holds for another bank in the holding bank’s home currency. The Nostro account, Vostro account, and Loro account, are three very important terms when it comes to understanding foreign exchange. You must clearly understand these three main terms if you receive or send money to your loved ones in a foreign country. To understand different foreign exchange transaction terms, we must first understand what the terms of home currency and foreign currency are.

A Nostro account is a reference used by Bank A to refer to “our” account held by Bank B. Nostro is a shorthand way of talking about “our money that is on deposit at your bank.” Nostro and vostro are terms used to describe the same bank account; the terms are used when one bank has another bank’s money on deposit. Nostro accounts simplify the process of exchanging and trading in foreign currencies.

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But instead of holding those funds in pounds sterling, the money is held in the local currency, i.e., Japanese yen, instead. The dealer who wants to receive or pay in foreign currency will approach to the bank to pay or receive the amount on behalf of him in foreign currency in exchange of home currency. Then accordingly pay to the foreign dealer in his home currency. The Account maintained by Domestic bank in home currency of foreign bank is NOSTRO account for domestic bank. Nostro accounts are usually held by banks and large corporations that are involved in international trade. By holding funds in another bank in a foreign currency, the bank can conduct international trade transactions and foreign exchange without having to convert its local currency into foreign currency.

Typically, large commercial banks will have a Nostro account in every country. Nostro accounts can be opened by authorized national banks only. 10 Best Demat Accounts in India for Beginners in Creation of Demat accounts revolutionised the way trades were conducted at the stock exchanges.&nbs… 10 Best Bank for Savings Account in India 2023 – With Interest Rates Savings account is a type of financial instrument offered by several banks.

In the context, the accounts opened by IndusInd and UCO are Vostro, and the ones opened by Russia’s Sberbank and VTB Bank are Nostro accounts. Xoom and PayPal are both great money transfer providers, but ultimately, which one is better? In this article, we’ll tell you all you need to know about international Oxxo money transfers. In this guide, we’ll explore all the options to transfer money using your mobile phone. The information featured in this article is based on our best estimates of pricing, package details, contract stipulations, and service available at the time of writing. Pricing will vary based on various factors, including, but not limited to, the customer’s location, package chosen, added features and equipment, the purchaser’s credit score, etc.


Now, this is called the ‘Nostro account’ from country A’s point of you. And since country ‘B’ maintains an account of a foreign bank in its home currency, i.e., ‘B’ currency, this will be a ‘Vostro account’ from country B’s point of view. Nostro accounts bring down the risk of excessive fluctuation in exchange rates.

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